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The Hawaiian ʻukulele, pronounced /ˈukuˈlɛlɛ/, is a musical instrument with four strings. It is also called the uke for short. Ukuleles are part of the guitar family of instruments. The strings are usually tuned G, C, E, A' or A, D, F#, B. Ukuleles normally have nylon strings or gut strings.

Ukuleles commonly come in four sizes: soprano, concert, tenor and baritone. Sopranino and bass ukuleles also exist. Sopraninos are tuned to standard tuning, however, baritone ukuleles are tuned to D, G, B, E (the top four strings of a guitar). Bass ukuleles are tuned E, A, D, G (bass guitar and double bass tuning).

The ukulele was invented in the 19th Century in Hawaii, where people got the idea from small guitar-like instruments known ascavaquinhos brought to the island by Portuguese sailors.*

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*Citation: "Ukulele." Wikipedia, . 13 May 2015, 15:36 UTC. 27 Jul 2015, 05:48 <https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ukulele&oldid=5132705>.